Functioning of the FTI Air diaphragm pump
Suction and discharge — Sequence of an FTI Air diaphragm pump
Diaphragm pumps are positive displacement pumps. They use a combination of the reciprocating action of two flexible diaphragms, two inlet and two outlet ball check valves to pump a fluid.
There are two pump chambers which are divided by the diaphragms into air and fluid regions.
The two diaphragms are connected to a common shaft located in the center section. This creates the effect that during a cycle one side is pumping fluid while the other side is filling.
As the common shaft located in the center section moves to the right, the diaphragm in the left chamber moves towards the center section. This movement creates a vacuum on the liquid side of the left diaphragm, lifting the lower ball check valve, allowing liquid to flow through the suction manifold into the liquid chamber. At the same time, any fluid in the right chamber is discharged.
The air distribution system senses that the diaphragm in the right chamber reaches the end of its discharge stroke and causes the common shaft to shift. This moves the diaphragm to the left pressurizing the liquid, lifting the upper ball check valve, allowing fluid to flow though the discharge manifold and out of the pump.
FTI Air pumps are designed to be robust and reliable. The compressed air system has been redesigned and the number of moving parts has been reduced so to improve the reliability of the pumps while making the them easier to maintain.